Winter-hardy bamboo species of very low-end species such as Pleioblastus to bamboo plants that can be more than 10 meters high like some Phyllostachys species.
But also the Indocalamus is a bamboo that can get leaves of 50 cm long and have an exotic appearance.
Attention: Never use compost or garden soil enriched (or not) with nitrogen to improve the soil in your garden. This is counterproductive for bamboos. Use normal potting soil for this.