Maintenance and care of palm trees

Maintenance and care of palm trees

How can you maintain your palm trees and give them the best care, what kind of fertilization and how often, when pruning etc.

PLANTING PLACE
Location on the south is optimal. In any case not on the north-east side (in the open field) in winter due to the cold.
In a sheltered place it doesn't make much difference where the palm will be planted.

However, a plant that likes to stand in the sun also places as much as possible there. This has to do with making sugars that make the plants more winter hardy again.

For a Trachycarpus it makes little difference at growth rate whether it has a lot or little sunshine.
How much sun is good for the palm? Place it in a sunny or half shady place, then it's always good.
Is the palm reasonably sheltered from strong winds due to the possible broken blowing of leaves.

 

PLANTING FULL SOIL OR AS A TUB PLANT
Also for planting in the garden is a basis of an organic substrate in the planting hole conducive to the plant and gives it a good start.
This also guarantees a well-drained surface for the palm.

 

SPRING PESTS/MOLD
In early spring, after a longer wet time, the possibility of mould is possible if you have not packed your palm tree with the right material.
In the worst case, this can affect the growth point of your palm.
Various products such as copper-oxychloride-based fungicide based on Baycor or Sulphon are for sale. After this, inject the growth point and let it dry.

Must be packed with the right material such as climate cloth. This climate cloth does not absorb water and breathes so that the core of the palm remains dry.

Aphid can occur when the plant has had too much water for a longer period of time (this rarely happens that palm lice get aphids and in the garden almost half-measured.
The palm tree does not go down and control is simple.

 

Natural enemies of the lice are:
Ladybirds
Birds

Without chemical control:
Dissolve soap and spirit in plenty of water (20 grams of mild soap, 10 grams of spirit on 1 litre of water). Spray this on the lice, causing them to die.

Chemical control:
These pesticides are against different kinds of aphid, whitefly etc. You can obtain them here.

 

PRUNING
Do not prune dehydrated leaves until spring (i. e. after winter).
In the winter the plant still has protection against the cold.
The palm also receives an extra growth spurt when pruned in spring.
Also, the chance during a considerable pruning is turn that he produces a flower bigger (Trachycarpus varieties).
Leave approximately 5-10 cm when pruning. Sit on the trunk, do not prune to the trunk.
When the plant is in the garden, the cuttings are thrown into the soil at the bottom of the trunk, this is digested and the soil condition improves.

 

SUMMER
During hot days do not forget to water an extra gift. Larger specimens can easily evaporate 10 litres of water in one day.
Watch out especially for overwatering in certain species, not every palm likes a lot of water. Give water with caution, especially in winter.
Washingtonia palm trees like to have lots of water in summer and then grow fast.

 

FERTILIZATION
Depending on the species, you can safely apply a small amount of fertilizer every 8 weeks.
We personally prefer Fertilizzante Mediterraneo or Palmfocus (both for extra root setting and green leaves).
These fertilizers are also not harmful to the roots. This may be the case with normal fertilizer if too much is given, then the hair roots will burn.
A palm can become over-fertilized, be sparingly sprinkled, keep to the specified dosage.
Do NOT administer more manure after the end of September.

 

LEAF COLOURING
If certain types of palms have not received enough water in time, leaf discoloration may occur.
If this is not the case, it can be a lack of fertilization (NPK) combined with a lack of trace elements.

Or an incorrect pH value of the soil, e. g. too acidic or too alkaline.
In both cases the uptake of fertilizer is strongly influenced.
Soil microbes also play a major role in the entire digestion and fertilisation process.

We can advise you on this if you wish.
If regularly fertilized as described, yellow leaves will not appear quickly.
For a palm, trace elements such as iron, manganese, copper, magnesium and potassium are very important and vital during the growth period. The right fertilizer advice you get from us when purchasing a palm.
Old leaves turn slowly from the ends of the leaves to yellow and then slowly die off. This is a normal process and lasts 1 to 2 years depending on the type of palm tree.

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